CGU

Canadian National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (CNC/IUGG)

 


What's New

Date News
July 2011 Michael Sideris is elected the Vice President of IUGG (2011-2015)
May 2003 Quadrennial report (1999-2003)
November 2001 Annual report, updated NRC contact information.
October 9, 2001 CNC-IUGG webpages moved from NRC to CGU website.
November 3, 1999 Updated CGU Secretariat and Members list. Revised International and National Programs.
March 5, 1998 Annual report, CMOS Bulletin article and other items added.
April 25, 1997 General update of CNC/IUGG.
June 27, 1996 Link to IUGG home page established.
March 5, 1996 CNC/IUGG home page established.

 

IUGG Electronic Journal

These short, informal newsletters, issued every month on approximately the first day of the month, are intended to keep IUGG Member National Committees informed about the activities of the IUGG Associations and actions of the IUGG Secretariat. Special issues are sometimes distributed mid-month as deemed appropriate. The content usually includes a synopsis of scientific meetings during the following three months in order to illustrate the disciplinary and geographical diversity of IUGG interests. E-Journals may be forwarded to those who will benefit from the information.

Go to IUGG Electronic Journal homepage

 


Objectives

The objectives of the CNC/IUGG committee are to:

  • collect and reconcile the many views of the constituent Canadian scientific community on relevant issues
  • identify, represent, and promote the capabilities and distinctive competence of the community on the international stage
  • enhance the depth and breadth of the participation of the community in the activities and events of the IUGG and related organizations
  • establish the mechanisms for communicating to the community the views of the IUGG and information about the activities of the IUGG.

 

Terms of Reference

 

CANADIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE
for the
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF GEODESY AND GEOPHYSICS


DRAFT


TERMS OF REFERENCE

  1. The purpose of the Committee is:
    1. to promote, within Canada, such as to ensure maximal benefits to Canada, international programs in Geodesy and Geophysics and Canadian participation in international activities sponsored by the IUGG, its component International Associations, Inter-Union Commissions and special committees of ICSU which involve the IUGG;
    2. to promote, within the IUGG, its component International Associations, Inter-Union Commissions and special committees for ICSU which involve the IUGG, those international activities which are relevant, or of special interest, to Canada, and to coordinate all aspects of Canadian participation in the discussion and dissemination of the results of such activities;
    3. to formulate Canadian positions with respect to IUGG activities and those of its component International Associations and of other related committees and commissions and to advise Council on the activities of the IUGG, its component International Associations and the other related committees and commissions, the activities of the CNC/IUGG and of Canadian participation in the same, where appropriate;
    4. to act as a channel of communication among the IUGG, its component International Associations, other related committees and commissions, Council, Canadian scientific societies, scientists and Canadian industry.

     

  2. Members of the Committee shall consist of:
  3. Appointed Members

        1. two members for each of the seven Associations of the IUGG, to be selected in consultation with the following Canadian scientific organizations:
          1. Five from the Canadian Geophysical Union (CGU)
          2. Four from the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS)
          3. One from the Canadian Institute of Surveying and Mapping (CIS)
          4. One from the Division of Aeronomy and Space Physics of the Canadian Association of Physics (DASP/CAP)
          5. Two from the Associate Committee on Hydrology (ACH)
          6. One from the Volconological Division of the Geological Association of Canada (VD/GAC)
        2. other members selected by the NRC in consultation with the Committee Ex-officio
        3. Canadian members of the Bureau of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
        4. Canadian presidents of International associations affiliated with the IUGG
        5. the Chairman of the Canadian National Committee on the Dynamics and Evolution of the Lithosphere (CANDEL), or any major inter-union project involving the IUGG as a major participant
        6. the editor of the Canadian Geophysical Bulletin.

    A representative of the International Relations Secretariat of the National Research Council shall be an observer.

    Honorary Members

        1. past Chairmen of the Associate Committee on Geodesy and Geophysics and the CNC/IUGG.

    A chairman shall be appointed from among the Committee on the recommendation of the Committee and a secretary will be appointed by the NRC.
    For each vacancy, the nominating body should make more than one nomination, taking into account the following guidelines:

        1. due regard should be taken of proper geographical and linguistic distribution of membership as well as adequate representation of all disciplines covered by (international affiliation); whenever possible the membership should include at least one member of each of the following regions: the Atlantic provinces, Quebec, Ontario and Western Canada.
        2. except under unusual circumstances, there should be no more than one member per institution on the Committee.
        3. The terms of office for all appointed members of the committee shall normally be a four-year appointment with the possibility of renewal up to a maximum of another four years; termination shall be on the 31st of December of the last year in office.
        4. The Committee shall meet:
          1. as necessary
          2. not more than three months prior to a general assembly,
            and
          3. not later than six months after a general assembly.

    The head of the Canadian delegation of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics General Assembly should normally be present at the CNC meetings: the Chairman of the CNC/IUGG will normally be appointed the Head of the Canadian delegation the IUGG General Assemblies.

    One half of the appointed membership shall constitute a quorum.

 

Procedures and Agreements

There are a number of procedures and agreements that must be followed by the committee. These include:

  1. NRC/CGU Partnership Agreement
    The reporting requirements for the committee are listed in the NRC/CGU Partnership Agreement signed in October, 1994. This agreement requires:

    • An annual report is to be sent to NRC Public and International Relations by November 30. The report must demonstrate compliance with the NRC/IUGG Agreement by the Committee.
    • A report from the Canadian delegation on the IUGG General Assembly (GA) that is due one month after the GA. This report will underline the discussions and the decisions of the GA and will demonstrate how the delegates followed the guidance given by NRC.

     

  2. Membership Responsibility
     
    The membership of CNC/IUGG is the responsibility of CGU.
     
  3. Membership Duration Considerations
    To become familiar with the workings of IUGG and to hence be more effective at IUGG General Assemblies, the following guidelines were suggested at the 1995 IUGG Boulder meeting of CNC/IUGG.

    • Members should be appointed for 4 years with a renewal of appointment for an additional 4 years pending approval by the CNC, the Canadian Nominating Society, and CGU.
    • New appointments should be made within 12 months of the end of an IUGG General Assembly.
    • There should be four year overlaps of the periods of appointment of the two members for each IUGG Association.
    • The Chair of CNC/IUGG would also normally serve for 8 years (with 2 opportunities of being chief delegate to the IUGG General Assembly) with the term of appointment ending with the closing of an IUGG General Assembly.
    • Currently (as of 1997), this means that the terms of all members will end in 1999 except for that of the Chair which will end in 2003. In general, this will also mean that the Senior Members of the IUGG Associations will step down as members of CNC/IUGG in 1999, the terms of the Junior Members will be renewed in 1999 to end in 2003, and new members will be added in 1999 whose term will run till 2003.

     

  4. Ex-Officio Members
     
    There may also be ex-officio members of the committee.
     
  5. Letters of Accreditation
    The Letters of Accreditation for national delegates to meetings of IUGG and its associations is the responsibility of CGU. It is critical that there is national representation at the IUGG meetings by qualified scientists. This is a task carried out in consultation with the CGU Secretariat and it is often the case that the senior (or junior) members of the national members of CNC/IUGG act as the representatives. On receipt of the CGU recommendations, NRC as Canada’s adhering member of the IUGG will officially inform the IUGG affiliate organizations of the membership of the Canadian delegation to the meetings of those organizations.

 

Annual Reports

A brief annual report on CNC/IUGG activities is produced each year. These reports are available here and are distributed to members and to sponsoring organizations.

2002, December

The Canadian National Committee for IUGG continued to be active over the 2001-02 time period.

A. OVERALL ACTIVITIES

CNC/IUGG members continue to advice CGU and CMOS on matters related to IUGG. CNC/IUGG is in particular supportive of suggestions for CGU and CMOS to jointly address common issues. The initial example of this is support for a workshop in 2003 on the subject of Prairie drought.

CNC/IUGG has provided feedback to IUGG regarding new member countries and the Chair of CNC/IUGG has written a letter of support for a Canadian being nominated for a position on the IUGG Executive.

CNC/IUGG was supportive of the possibility of Canada hosting IUGG 2007 in Montreal. However, this concept has now been dropped since there were insufficient resources to handle the logistics of such an event.

Our CNC/IUGG Committee will meet at the May 2003 CGU Conference in Banff. Key issues for discussion include the finalization of our quadrennial report and the development of ensuing recommendations. A brief summary of this report will be given at the opening plenary session of the conference.

The CNC/IUGG was moved to the main CGU web site (www.cgu-ugc.ca) and continues to be updated as appropriate.

B. ASSOCIATION REPORTS

Some of the activities carried out by the Associations are summarized below.

IAG (Spiros Pagiatakis )

The all new Geodesy Section (GS) of the Canadian Geophysical Union (CGU) held its inaugural business meeting in May 2002 following its ratification by the membership at the CGU Annual General Meeting. The aims of the GS are to advance and promote geodesy in Canada in support of scientific, environmental, economic and social activities by strengthening its links with national and international associations and institutes and by encouraging timely communication and dissemination of geodetic results through conferences, workshops and special meetings. The inaugural meeting commenced with a special lecture by Dr. W. Thatcher (US Geological Survey) on EarthScope, an ambitious initiative proposed to the US National Science Foundation to upgrade observational capabilities over the North American Cordillera for earthquake and volcano research. Following the presentation, the membership elected its executive and discussed recruitment, student participation and support, workshops and lectures, publications and outreach. The GS has already adopted an NRCan-sponsored award for the best geodesy student paper to be awarded at the next CGU annual conference.

CGU-GS executive

President: Prof. S. Pagiatakis (York University)
Vice President: Dr. C. Klatt (NRCan, Geodetic Survey)
Secretary: Prof. M. Santos (University of New Brunswick)
Treasurer: Prof. R. Blais (University of Calgary)
Members-at-Large: Dr. H. Dragert (NRCan, Geological Survey)
Prof. N. Sneeuw (University of Calgary)

IAG members have continued to be active across Canada. Detailed examples of such activities at the University of New Brunswick, York University, and University of Calgary are shown in the ATTACHMENT the end of this Report.

IAGA (Bob Horita)

Following the successful IAGA/IASPEI Joint Scientific Assembly in Hanoi, Vietnam, 19-31 Aug. 2001, a new IAGA web page has been set up to list future international scientific meetings of interest to the IAGA community. The web site has a twofold purpose: one, to inform scientists about future meetings and, two, to inform organizers of meetings about other future meetings in order to avoid or at least minimize temporal and topical overlap of various meetings.

The list contains only basic information: title of meeting, when, where, contact person with e-mail address, and URL. This IAGA web page can be found at: http://www.ufa.cas.cz/html/conferences/iaga.html

The list contains for the present 2002 year 63 meetings and includes the IAGA sponsored workshop: the 10th IAGA Workshop on Geomagnetic Observatory Instruments, Data Acquisition and Processing, 15-24 April 2002 in South Africa. The list also includes a number of IAGA co-sponsored meetings. Noteworthy among these is the 16th EM Induction Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA held June 16-22, 2002. A large contingent of Canadian IAGA scientists participated in this meeting.

Preparations are well in hand for the 46 IAGA sessions and 11 IAGA-led joint symposia at IUGG 2003 to be held in Sapporo, Japan, June 30 – July 11, 2003.

IAMAS (Ron Stewart)

IAMAS-related activities have been encouraged within CMOS and CGU. In particular, pro-active ones addressing major Canadian issues are being encouraged. Several initial topics have been considered for joint CMOS-CGU action but the first one to be carried out will be a 2003 scientific workshop dealing with Prairie drought.

A number of Canadians are leading or co-leading IAMAS-related symposia and workshops at IUGG 2003 in Sapporo. This includes:
Len Barrie: clouds, aerosols, radiation and climate
David Hudak: severe weather events
George Isaac: growth of ice crystals
Ulrike Lohmann: precipitation in cloud and climate models
Shaun Lovejoy: precipitation distribution
Richard Peltier: long-term climate variations
Ron Stewart: water budgets over land areas
Bruce Sutherland: mixing in geophysical fluids
William Ward: mesosphere-lower thermosphere energetics and chemistry

A group in Montreal decided not to pursue a bid for hosting the 2007 IUGG Congress. It was felt that there was insufficient support for all of the required logistical arrangements.

This has been a good year for additional research within IAMAS-related fields in Canada. The Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences (CFCAS) has successfully completed its second year of funding and this has led to a substantial boost in research within the university sector in particular.

IAPSO (Michael Stacey)

This year, I became the senior Canadian delegate to IAPSO. Dr Mike Foreman (Institute of Ocean Sciences; IOS) rotated out as the senior delegate, and Dr Bill Crawford (IOS) took my place as the junior delegate.

The Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society held their 36th Annual Congress in Rimouski Quebec, 22-25 May 2002. The theme of the Congress was ‘The Northern Environment.’ I attended, as an observer, a meeting of the Canadian National Committee for SCOR on the 25th.

There were no IAPSO meetings in 2002, but there was a joint IAPSO/IABO meeting in Mar del Plata, Argentina, at the end of 2001 (21-26 October 2001). The theme of the meeting was ‘2001: An Ocean Odyssey.’ Because the meeting occurred soon after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, the attendance was somewhat lower than expected. However, there were eighteen scientific sessions, one of which, ‘Arctic and subpolar seas and links to thermohaline circulation: past, present and future,’ was co-convened by Dr Lawrence Mysak of McGill University. The IAPSO executive committee met in Mar del Plata to discuss the themes of the IAPSO sponsored symposia at the upcoming IUGG General Assembly in Sapporo in 2003. I attended the meeting as a national IAPSO delegate.

At Sapporo, the IAPSO only symposia will be:
1. Western boundary currents
2. Marginal and semi-enclosed seas and their exchange with the open ocean
3. The role of tides, mesoscale processes, and bottom topography in energy transfer and mixing
4. Chemical and isotopic tracers in ocean circulation
5. The physical oceanography of the Indian Ocean
6. The southern ocean (IAPSO/SCOR/SCAR)

The IAPSO-led joint symposia will be:
1. The decadal to centennial variability of the ocean and atmosphere (IAPSO/IAMAS/CLIVAR)
2. New perspectives of coupled tropical ocean-atmosphere dynamics and predictability (IAPSO/IAMAS/CLIVAR)
3. Groundwater inputs to the ocean (IAPSO/IAHS)
4. Arctic environmental change (IAPSO/IAMAS/IAHS)
5. Worldwide sea level change (IAPSO/IAG)
6. The global ocean observing system (IAPSO/IAG/IOC)
7. The coastal ocean observing system (IAPSO/IAG/IOC)
8. Coastal processes and storm surges (IAPSO/IAMAS/LOICZ(IGBP))
9. Physical aspects of air-sea interaction (IAPSO/IAMAS)
10. Rotating and stratified fluids (IAPSO/IAMAS/IAGA/SEDI)
11. Geophysical risk and vulnerability: the population-hazard interaction (IAPSO/IASPEI/IAHS/IAMAS/IAGA/IAVCEI)

IASPEI (Keith Louden)

1. A full report on the IAGA-IASPEI 2001 Joint Assembly is available at http://www.iaspei.org/meetings/IASPEI2001.html
2. A list of recent meetings during 2002 sponsored by or of interest to IASPEI is available at http://www.iaspei.org/meetings/forthcoming.html
3. The Commission on Earthquake Hazard, Risk and Strong Ground Motion (http://www.iaspei.org/commissions/CEH.html) sponsored the 1st International Training Course on Earthquake Disasters & Disaster Mitigation for Developing Countries (Sept.6-20) in Beijing, China (http://www.icce.ac.cn/most/workshop.htm)
4. A new web site on “Scattering and Heterogeneity in the Earth” is available at http://www.scat.geophys.tohoku.ac.jp/main.html
5. An official link between IAPEI and the World Stress Map Project (http://www.world-stress-map.org), as resolved at the 2001 General Assembly, is available through http://www.iaspei.org/projects/WSM.html
6. The structure, layout, and content of the IASPEI web site were greatly modified beginning in Dec 2001. These changes are summarized at http://www.iaspei.org/recent.html

ATTACHMENT: IAG-Related Research at Three Universities in Canada

1. University of New Brunswick

Within the Department of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering at the University of New Brunswick, GPS previous research in atmospheric studies, precise positioning (both on land, on boats and on satellites), development of real-time kinematic processes, and WAAS has continued.

New areas of GPS work have taken place. The use of GPS to create a management tool for the World Heritage site of Merv in Turkmenistan has taken place (Dare and Ziebart, 2001). Through a combination of GPS, IKONOS imagery and GIS, the site managers are now able to start managing the site. GPS data were processed using UNB’s DIPOP and JPL’s GIPSY (at University College London, England).

Research work on the mapping of the atmosphere’s water vapour content has been initiated. Funded by a Canada Foundation for Innovation New Opportunities grant and an Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Discovery grant, a new research laboratory is being established based upon GPS, meteorological equipment and a water vapour radiometer.

For the last three years we have been processing gravity data from the Canadian superconducting gravimeter at Cantley, Quebec. We were interested in an application of this record to global seismology, as well as in tidal analysis of the record (in cooperation with the Geophysical Institute of the Czech Academy of Science). We were successful in extracting the earth’s free oscillation from the 1991-2001 record as well as in designing a method for discriminating between earth models. The tidal analysis is still in progress.

References

Dare, P. and M. Ziebart. (2001). “Over the Silk Road: Bringing Satellite Imagery Down to Earth”. GPS World, Vol. 12, No. 4, April, pages 18-22. ISSN 1048-5104.

2. York University

York University’s new Geomatics Engineering program entered its second year of operation this year. The program is within the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Science of the Faculty of Pure and Applied Science and has a strong geodetic component with significant links to geophysics. The curriculum of the first two years of study has been finalized, whereas the third and fourth years are in their final stage of development and fine tuning. Courses such as The Dynamic Earth and Space Geodesy, Geodetic Concepts, Analysis of Overdetermined Systems, Global Geophysics and Geodesy, Physical Geodesy, Global Positioning Systems, Geodetic Surveying, Hydrography and others constitute the geodetic component of the program. GIS and Spatial Analysis, Digital Imaging and Analysis, Remote Sensing and others are also very strong components of the program. The new faculty members have already attracted and secured significant research funding from NSERC, CFI and private industry as well as many graduate students. Modern laboratories are being built and new equipment are being acquired to strengthen the infrastructure for undergraduate teaching and graduate research. The program is unique in Ontario and one of four in Canada.

3. University of Calgary

Annual Report 2002: Department of Geomatics Engineering, The University of Calgary

HIGHLIGHTS

  • 42 students received their BSc degree, one student their PhD and ten students their MSc degree and one student their MEng.
  • Undergraduate enrolment reached between 51, 48 and 51 in each year, in addition to 20 students entered in the Internship Program.
  • Seven new faculty members joined the department (Drs. N. Sneeuw, R. Klukas, M. Tait, M. Barry, A. Habib, and D. Mioc; Ms. M. Rakai).
  • Faculty members have continued to secure major research funding. The average research funding per faculty member reached $238,000.
  • Numerous awards were received by students and faculty members. One faculty member (Dr. M.E. Cannon) received a prestigious NSERC Steacie Fellowship which is awarded to the most outstanding Canadian university scientists or engineers who have earned their doctorate in the last twelve years. This is the first time in the history of the Faculty of Engineering that one of its faculty members received this fellowship. One faculty member also received the IAG Young Author’s Award.

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ON IUGG (IAG) RELATED BOARDS AND LEARNED SOCIETIES

  • Editorial Board, GPS Solutions
  • Canadian Remote Sensing Society Certification Board
  • Associate Editor, International Journal of Remote Sensing
  • Chair, International Association of Geodesy (IAG) Special Working Group SC4-WG1 on Mobile Multi-Sensor Systems
  • Chair, International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) working group C5.3 on Integrated Positioning, Navigation and Mapping Systems
  • Member, Steering Committee of the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Commission 5
  • Technical Program Co-Chair, International conferences on Real-time Mobile Mapping Systems
  • Member, Editorial Board of the UK, Survey Review Journal
  • President, International Association of Chinese Professionals in Global Positioning Systems
  • Co-chair, FIG C5-3 Working Group – Kinematic and Integrated Positioning
  • Member, IAG SSG1.179
  • Member of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), Working Group SC4-1 on Mobile Multi-Sensor Systems
  • Member of the International Society of Surveyors (FIG), Working Group C5-1 on Integrated Positioning and Navigation Systems
  • Chair, Institute of Navigation Alberta Chapter
  • Member, Institute of Navigation Council
  • Editorial Board, GPS World
  • Editorial Board, GPS Solutions
  • Convenor, KIS01 Conference
  • Program Chair, ION GPS 2001
  • Member, International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Commission 7 Working Group 7.1: Creating Land Administration in formal and informal environment
  • Member of the Board of Directors of the Bureau Gravimetrique International
  • Member of the Executive Committee of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG)
  • President of IAG Section III: Determination of the Gravity Field, and members of several IAG special study groups and commissions
  • Chief IAG National Delegate, Canadian National Committee for the IUGG
  • Co-Chair IAG SSG 1.180: GPS as an Atmospheric Remote Sensing Tool
  • Corresponding member IAG SSG 1.181: Regional Permanent Arrays
  • Chair, International Association of Geodesy (IAG) Special Study Group SSG3.185: Merging Data from Dedicated Satellite Missions with Other Gravimetric Data
  • Member, International Association of Geodesy (IAG) Special Commission SC-1: Mathematical and Physical Foundations of Geodesy
  • Member, IAG/IGGC/IGeS Working Group: Preparation of Standard Procedures for Global Gravity Field Validation
  • Member, International Association of Geodesy (IAG), Planning Committee for the Intercommission Committee on Theory
  • Canadian representative to Commission 6 (Engineering Surveys) of the International Federation of Surveys (FIG)

PUBLICATIONS

Books and Chapters
Lachapelle, G., S. Ryan and C. Rizos (2001) Servicing the GPS User. Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology, Chapter 14, ITPS Ltd, pp. 201-215.
Sideris, M.G. (Ed.) (2001), Gravity, Geoid and Geodynamics 2000, IAG International Symposia Vol. 123, 398 pages. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York.

Refereed Journals

Andritsanos, V.D., M.G. Sideris, and I.N. Tsiavos (2001), Quasi-stationary Sea Surface Topography Estimation by the Multiple Input/Multiple Output System Theory, Journal of Geodesy, 75, 4, pp. 216-226.

Ellum, C.M. and N. El-Sheimy (2002), Land-Based Integrated Systems for Mapping and GIS Applications, Survey Review Journal, January, 36, 283, pp. 323-339.
El-Sheimy, N. and A. Fayad (2001), Least Squares Collocation for Exposure Station Interpolation in GPS Assisted Aerotriangulation, Scientific Bulletin of ASU, 36, 4, pp. 101-115.

Featherstone, W.E., J.F. Kirby, A.H.W. Kearsley, J.R. Gilliland, G.M. Johnston, J. Steed, R. Forsberg, and M.G. Sideris (2001), The AUSGeoid98 geoid model of Australia: data treatment, computations and comparisons with GPS-leveling data, Journal of Geodesy, 75, 5/6, pp. 313-330.

Fortes, L.P., M.E. Cannon, S.H. Skone, and G. Lachapelle (2002), Improving a Multi-Reference GPS Station Network Method for OTF Positioning in the St. Lawrence Seaway, Lighthouse, 61, Canadian Hydrographic Association, Ottawa, pp. 15-22.

Fotopoulos, G., and M.E. Cannon (2001), An Overview of Multi-Reference Station Methods for Cm-Level Positioning, GPS Solutions, 4, 3, pp. 1-10.
Gao, Y. and Z. Liu (2001), Differential GPS Positioning over Internet, Journal of Geospatial Engineering, 3, 1, pp. 1-7.

Gao, Y., Z. Liu, and Z.Z. Liu (2001), Internet-based Real-Time Kinematic Positioning Over Internet, Journal of GPS Solution, 5, 3, pp. 61-69.

Kotsakis, C. and M.G. Sideris (2001), A Modified Wiener-type Filter for Geodetic Estimation Problems with Non-stationary Noise, Journal of Geodesy, 75, 12, pp. 647-660.

Lachapelle, G. and S. Ryan (2002), Future Trends in Marine Navigation and Positioning Technology, Lighthouse, 60, Canadian Hydrographic Association, Ottawa, pp. 15-22.

Lachapelle, G., M.E. Cannon, K. O’Keefe and P. Alvess (2002) How will Galileo Improve Positioning Performance? GPS World, 13, 9 (September Issue), 38-48.

Liao, X. and Y. Gao (2001), High Precision Ionosphere Recovery Using a Regional Area GPS Network, Navigation, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, 48, 2, pp. 101-112.

O’Keefe, K., S. Ryan, and G. Lachapelle (2002) Global Availability and Reliability Assessment of the GPS and Galileo Global Navigation Satellite Systems. Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal, Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute, 48, 2, 123-132

Raquet, J., G. Lachapelle, and L. Fortes (2001), Use of a Covariance Analysis Technique for Predicting Performance of Regional Area Differential Code and Carrier-Phase Networks. Navigation, The Institute of Navigation, Alexandria, VA, 48, 1, pp. 25-34.

Ray, J.K., and M.E. Cannon (2001), Synergy Between GPS Code, Carrier and SNR Multipath Errors, AIAA Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, 24, 1, pp 54-63.

Ray, J.K., M.E. Cannon and P. Fenton (2001), Code and Carrier Multipath Mitigation Using a Multi-Antenna System, IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 37, 1, pp. 183-195.

Ryan, S. and G. Lachapelle (2002), Augmentation of DGNSS with Dynamic Constraints for Marine Navigation, Lighthouse, 61, Canadian Hydrographic Association, Ottawa, pp. 17-25.

Shin, E. and N. El-Sheimy (2001), A New Calibration Method for Strapdown Inertial Navigation Systems, Zeitschrift fűr Vermessungswesen Journal (Germany) December, 127, 1, pp. 1-10.

Skone, S.H., K. Knudsen, and M. de Jong (2001), Limitations in GPS Receiver Tracking Performance Under Ionospheric Scintillation Conditions, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part A, 26/6-8, pp. 613-621. (Invited Paper).

Skone, S.H. (2001), The Impact of Magnetic Storms on GPS Receiver Performance, Journal of Geodesy, 75, pp. 457-468.

Stephen, J. and G. Lachapelle (2001), Development and Testing of a GPS-Augmented Multi-Sensor Vehicle Navigation System, The Journal of Navigation, Royal Institute of Navigation, 54, 2, pp. 297-319.

Teskey, W. F. and R.S. Radovanovic (2001), Free Station Method of Leveling, Journal of Surveying Engineering, 127, 1, pp. 25-29.

Zhang, J., and G. Lachapelle (2001), Precise Estimation of Residual Tropospheric Delays Using a Regional GPS Network for RTK Applications, Journal of Geodesy, Springer Verlag, 75, pp. 255-266.

Theses

Bayoud, F. (2001), Some Investigations on Local Geoid Determination from Airborne Gravity Data, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20154, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Ellum, C. (2002), The Development of a Backpack Mobile Mapping System, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20159, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Fei, C. (2001), A Java Implementation for Open GIS Simple Feature Specification, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20153, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Fortes, L. (2002), Optimising the Use of GPS Multi-Reference Stations for Kinematic Positioning, PhDThesis, Report No. 20158, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Jakab, A. (2001), Quality Monitoring of GPS Signals, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20149, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Khan, K. (2001), Land Surveys on Indian Reserves: An Inquiry Into Benefits, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20152, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Liu, G. (2001), Ionsphere Weighted Global Positioning System Carrier Phase Ambiguity Resolution, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20155, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Merner, M. (2001), Evaluating Riparian Strips for Sustainability in British Columbia: Possess these shores with me, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20150, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Ryan, S. (2002) Augmentation of DGPS for Marine Navigation. MSc Thesis, Report No. 20164, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary

Shin, E. (2001), Accuracy Improvement of Law Cost INS/GPS for Land Application, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20156, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Vergos, G. (2002), Sea Surface Topography, Bathymetry and Marine Gravity Field Modelling, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20157, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

Watts, D.C. (2001), Land Cover Mapping by Combinations of Multiple Artificial Neural Network, MSc Thesis, Report No. 20151, Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary.

RESEARCH PROJECTS IN GEODESY AND NAVIGATION

Advanced GPS Rx Analysis
Aircraft Buffeting Analysis
Alberta GPS RTK Test Network
Atmosphere Estimation Using GPS
Auto NCE 21 Collaborative Driving System
Auto NCE 21 Construction-Integrated Navigation Information System
Carrier Phase Based Wide Area Differential GPS
GPS Timing Equipment Testing
Development of an Integrated Technology/Satellite Navigation and GIS
Chair, CRC in Wireless Location/CRC
Evaluation of Real-Time GPS Positioning
GPS/INS for Formula 1 Racing Applications
GNSS Centre of Innovation
Multi-Sensor Lab
Impact of Masking Angle
Ionosphere Modelling
JPALS Technical Support
LAR Positioning
MEMS Based Inertial Systems for Vehicle
Mobile Tracking and Management System
Multi Ref TM Software Enhancements
Regional Area GPS Kinematic Positioning Using Multiple Reference Stations
New Management System/Equip. Utilization
Indoor Wireless Location
Precise Kinematic Positioning
GPS-based Heading Determination
Wireless Location
RF CDMA Ranging Investigation
Shipborne Multipath Assessment
Tactical Indoor Positioning Sytem (TIPS) Options
Reliability of Testing of DGPS Receivers
Traffic Accident Reconstruction Using GPS
Validation and Testing of Ionosphere Predictions (Canadian Coast)
Airborne Gravity Systems for Geomatics and Geophysics
Gravity Field Determination from 3D High-Low Satellite-to-Satellite Tracking
Airborne Gravity for Exploration and Mapping
Multiresolution Approximation of the Earth’s Gravity Field
Precise Geoid Determination for Geo-referencing and Oceanosgraphy
Gravity Field Determination
The Synergistic Use of Multi-Sensor Remote Sensing for Monitoring of the Earth’s Surface and Atmospheric Parameters

2001, November

The Canadian National Committee for IUGG continued to be active over the 2000-2001 time period.

A. OVERALL ACTIVITIES

CNC/IUGG has responded in a collective manner to a questionnaire regarding the future of IUGG itself. CNC/IUGG feels that IUGG needs to increase its visibility and to continue to take-on long time frame activities that are not presently being handled elsewhere. CNC/IUGG for example suggested that IUGG consider another specific year, such as 1957, in order to focus all of its aspects on a particular time period and to reflect on advances over the last 50 years.

CNC/IUGG has also provided feedback to IUGG regarding new member countries and is in the process of commenting to IUGG on the possibility for scientific union membership in ICSU from the International Society for Photogrammetery and Remote Sensing (ISPRS).

CNC/IUGG members continue to advice CGU and CMOS on matters related to IUGG. CNC/IUGG is in particular supportive of suggestions for CGU and CMOS to jointly address common issues.

CNC/IUGG is also supportive of the possibility of Canada hosting IUGG 2007 in Montreal. Some initial meetings have been held in regards to this possibility and the concept will be discussed more over the coming year.

CNC/IUGG continued to maintain its web site at Environment Canada for much of the year. However, the web site has now been moved to the main CGU web site (www.cgu-ugc.ca).

B. ASSOCIATION REPORTS

IAG (Robert Laframboise):

Contributions to CNC/IUGG by Geodetic Survey Division, Geomatics Canada, Earth Science Sector, Natural Resources Canada

Geodetic Survey Division (GSD) completed another successful year highlighted by continued improvements to the Canadian Spatial Reference System, strengthened collaboration in global geodetic services and solid leadership/support for national geodetic initiatives.

GSD continued to be present, active, and well recognised in national and international arenas this past year. At the national level, GSD continued its partnership with all provincial geodetic agencies and territories through the Canadian Geodetic Reference System Committee (CGRSC) and its parent Canadian Committee on Geomatics (CCOG) for the purpose of delivering, maintaining and enhancing the Canadian Spatial Reference System (CSRS). The Canada-wide Differential GPS (CDGPS) initiative is a tangible culmination of this collaboration. GSD’s strong support of the Geomatics for Informed Decisions (GEOIDE) National Centres of Excellence program has contributed to an unprecedented collaboration and partnership across Canada by involving 11 universities, four other government departments and five private companies. This support provides significant leverage to the GSD program.

At the international level, GSD plays a contributing role in global standards and the shape of the future of all geodetic activities. This is achieved through direct product contributions, and chairing and participating in International Association of Geodesy (IAG) committees, working groups, special study groups, workshops, commissions, sub-commissions and others. The Division is recognized as a leader and significant contributor to the International GPS Service (IGS), the International VLBI Service (IVS), the International Earth Rotation Service (IERS), the International Gravity and Geoid Commission (IGGC), and the Global Geodynamics Project (GGP) among others. GSD is also member of a federal government interdepartmental working group that is overseeing Canada’s involvement in the European Union’s GALILEO program and continues to monitor progress of this initiative.

Activities continue to be consistent with the long-term strategic focus toward space-based positioning. The following examples are highlights of this effort:

International GPS Service (IGS) – Canada’s and NRCan’s influence was enhanced by the IGS Governing Board formal request that GSD co-chair a new Real-Time Working Group. GSD was also previously invited to participate in IGS strategic planning meetings with a small group of international experts. GSD will host a combined IGS Network, Data and Analysis Center Workshop in Ottawa, now rescheduled for next spring, under the theme “Towards Real-Time”. The agenda will focus on the requirements and steps needed to develop a real-time component of the IGS, in addition to the planning needed to strengthen and improve the current Service. GSD also continues its contribution of GPS data from its network of Active Control Points and its role as Coordinator for the IGS International Reference Frame.

GALILEO Working Group – A sub-committee of the federal interdepartmental working group on GALILEO has been formed to consider Canada’s role in a GALILEO regional integrity network and is chaired by GSD.

Civil GPS Service Interface Committee (CGSIC) – GSD participates on this committee, chaired by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), for civilian input to the U.S. GPS program. GSD is the vice-chair of the North American Regional component to the International Information Sub-Committee

Global Geodynamics Project – NRCan contributes highly precise gravity and atmospheric data and expertise from Canada’s fundamental gravity reference station in Cantley Quebec (CAGS). The project contributes to the studies of the Earth’s deep interior and atmosphere, thus enhancing natural hazard mitigation and climate change studies.

Global Reference Frame — Regular Very Long Baseline Interferometry operations continued at fiducial stations ARO (Algonquin Park Radio Observatory) and Yellowknife as part of GSD’s contribution to the International VLBI service (IVS) and in order to relate the national and global terrestrial reference frames to the fixed Celestial reference frame. ARO has been designated a primary site of the International Space Geodetic Networks of the Committee for Space Techniques in Geodesy because of its long history of stability, continuous operation and multiple geodetic techniques employed.

Geodynamics/crustal motion study – An MOU was signed for cost-shared development of an infrastructure aimed at monitoring the vertical movement of the Earth’s crust in the broad region around Hudson Bay and facilitating related geophysical research. This is a tri-lateral agreement involving GSD, GFZ of Germany and GSC Pacific. Six new GPS active control will be established and integrated into the Active Control System network.
Collaboration has also started with Geological Survey of Canada on the project “Relative Sea-level and Associated Climate Impacts on Northern Coasts and Seaways”. Participation by GSD consists of establishing and periodically occupying/operating a network of 2-3 permanent GPS stations and several non-permanent stations in the Western Arctic with the goal of measuring relative crustal motion in the region. GSD is also collaborating with each of the U.S., Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and GSC for independent projects all involving small new GPS tracking networks form the Great lakes to the Arctic.

Canada-Wide DGPS (CDGPS) Service – CDGPS is the Canadian Council on Geomatics (CCOG) sponsored initiative to broadcast NRCan’s GPS corrections (GPS•C) as a means to improve the accuracy and integrity of GPS positioning as well as ensuring coordinates consistent with the Canadian Spatial Reference System. Initial operation is now targeted for Spring 2002. Development of MSAT satellite receivers and the related communications hub continues under the guidance of the Project Manager. The Board of Directors, with representatives from BC, Ontario, GSD, industry and academia, continues to meets on a regular basis via conference call to monitor progress.

GPS•Corrections infrastructure – A Risk Assessment Study was completed under contract, in consultation with NRCan Audit and Evaluation Branch, and has provided an Implementation Plan to monitor and minimise risks associated with the broadcast of GPS•C for the CDGPS project. This assessment study will help resolve liability concerns expressed by NRCan’s Legal Services. GSD continues to seek additional funding to further improve the robustness and reliability of this service.

GPS•C Testing –Prototype GPS•C service was used operationally by a U.S. company for pipeline route layout and by CHS for charting work during the 2001 season, both in Arctic waters.

New point-positioning software developed at GSD is now demonstrating centimetre level 3-D positioning accuracy anywhere in the world when post-processing single station data with precise IGS products. This software forms the basis of technology required to provide real-time high accuracy positioning based on a consistent national or global reference system.

New Canadian Gravimetric Geoid Model 2000 (CGG2000) — A four year effort in geoid modelling including a 3 year research contract to UNB and UofC, activities under the support of GEOIDE-NCE, and several workshops organised by GSD, has culminated in the adoption of a new geoid model for Canada in the fall of 2001. The geoid model is essential in providing the relation between purely geometric (ellipsoidal) heights obtained from GPS and the practical (orthometric) heights which respect the natural law of gravity and refer to Mean Sea Level. An application that provides a conversion to orthometric heights is now available as part of the package.

Canadian Base Network (CBN) –Coordinates for the 414 station federal/provincial network, accurate to the centimetre level, are now available throughout Canada for control of local or regional surveys. Work has begun on the cyclic observation phase of the CBN program for crustal movement monitoring, with the first series of re-observations completed this past field season in Eastern Canada.

IAGA (Bob Horita):

The joint IAGA-IASPEI Scientific Assembly was held in Hanoi, Vietnam, August 19-30, 2001. Over 1000 scientists from 64 countries attended the first international conference on geophysics in Vietnam hosted jointly by the Hanoi Institute of Geophysics and the National Centre for Natural Science and Technology of Vietnam. Most of the symposia were held in the International Convention Center. About six Canadian scientists attended the meeting.

There were two meetings of the IAGA Conference of Delegates. The first meeting was held on Monday, August 20, 2001 when reports were presented by the President, Executive Committee, Finance Committee and Nominations Committee. It was reported that the proposal to establish an inter-Association body to study the electric and magnetic effects associated with earthquakes and volcanoes has been accepted by IAGA, IASPEI and IAVCEI and sanctioned as an IUGG Working Group. The Terms of Reference of the Inter-Association (IAGA, IASPEI and IAVCEI) Working Group on Electric and Magnetic Studies of Earthquakes and Volcanoes has been drawn up. Also, the Polar Cap index has been approved as an IAGA index. Plans for the Scientific Program for IUGG Sapporo 2003 were also reported. The Assembly will be organized under the banner “State of the Planet: Frontiers and Challenges”. Six themes have been chosen (rough titles) for the Assembly:

1. Forecasting, Prediction and Predictability
2. Earth Systems and Global Change
3. Structure and Dynamics of the Earth’s Interior
4. Volatiles in Volcanic Arcs: from Slabs to Stratosphere
5. Georisk and Sustainability on a Crowded Planet
6. New Sensors of our Planet. What is possible?

An excellent proposal to host the 2005 IAGA Scientific Assembly in Toulouse, France was made.

The second meeting of the IAGA Conference of Delegates was held on Thursday, August 30, 2001. The main items included the election of Dr. Bengt Hultqvist (Sweden) as the IAGA Secretary General and the acceptance of the venue for the 2005 IAGA Scientific Assembly to be in Toulouse, France, with preference for the dates July 18-29, 2005 over Aug. 22- Sept. 2, 2005. Following IAGA approaches, the International Commission of the Middle Atmosphere will join the 2005 IAGA Assembly.

IAHS (Jonathan Price):

Mandate and Objectives

to promote and support hydrology as a geoscience within National and among International communities;

1. to encourage and promote collaboration between IAHS and Canadian scientific organizations and institutions;
2. to encourage and promote the participation of Canadian scientists in IAHS and its activities;
3. to initiate cooperative research and education programmes in hydrology with IAHS ;
4. to respond, on behalf of Canada, to scientific requests from IAHS;
5. to undertake the dissemination and transfer of information on IAHS-related activities among Canadian hydrologists;
6. to seek and support the nomination of Canadian hydrologists to Executive positions of IAHS;
7. to arrange the selection and nomination of National Representatives to IAHS and the IAHS Commissions.

Meetings and Activities

CNC/IAHS met at the Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Geophysical Union, Banff, AB, in May 2000, and Ottawa in May 2001

Provision of information to the Canadian National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (CNC/IUGG) as part of a review of the partnership agreement between the Canadian Geophysical Union (CGU) and the National Research Council of Canada.

Submission of a proposal to the Hydrology Section of CGU (CGU-HS) on the opportunity to promote hydrology in educational establishments through the University Chair Program of the Canadian Federal Government.

Contribution by J.E. Smith (Junior rep, CNC/IAHS) with Dan Moore (President of the HS-CGU) and Hok Woo (Past-President of the HS-CGU) to G. Clarke of the Environmental Earth Sciences (09) Steering Committee for the 2000-2002 NSERC Reallocations Exercise, arguing for the need to increase research support for the hydrological sciences in Canada.

Preparations for a proposal to host the IAHS Seventh Scientific Assembly in Montreal, 2005.

Preparations for a proposal to host the 24th IUGG General Assembly at Montreal in 2007.

Progress on Issues and Objectives

Objective – improve flow of information from National Representatives to Scientific Commissions of IAHS to CNC/IAHS. Responsibilities of National Representatives to Scientific Commissions of IAHS were defined and accepted at the May 2000 meeting, and have been distributed to National Representatives.

Objective – to assist in the organization of a possible Joint Scientific Assembly of IAHS and the International Association of Meteorological and Atmospheric Science (IAMAS), proposed to be held in Montreal in 2005. Gerry Jones and Taha Ouarda offered strong support, but no one based in Montreal stepped forward to direct the organization.

Objective: organization of possible 24th IUGG General Assembly at Montreal in 2007. This proposal has been discussed by CNC/IAHS but this idea has not been strongly endorsed since it would still require an individual from Montreal to lead the organizing committee. As there was little interest in the 2005 proposal (see item above) there was little hope that a local organizer could be found. In any case, such an assembly would require many years of advance preparation.

IAMAS (Ron Stewart and Charles Lin)

Canadians were quite active at the 2001 IAMAS Assembly, July 10-18 in Innsbruck. Canadians chaired symposia on clouds (George Isaac from the Meteorological Service of Canada), middle atmospheric chemistry (Victor Fomichev of York University), and satellite remote sensing (Jim Drummond of the University of Toronto).

At the IAMAS meeting held during the Assembly, it was decided that the 2005 IAMAS Assembly will be in Beijing.

IAMAS-related activities were discussed at the meeting of the Scientific Committee for the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS). This meeting was held in conjunction with the annual CMOS Congress which was held in Winnipeg on May 27-31. This included a discussion of IUGG and its role within international science, as well as a discussion of potential joint CMOS-CGU interactions.

A number of Canadians are leading or co-leading IAMAS-related symposia and workshops at IUGG 2003 in Sapporo. This includes, for example, Ron Stewart who is leading a workshop on our ability to close water budgets over land areas around the world. All of the IAMAS-related activities have not yet been decided; a complete list of Canadian involvement will be available early in 2002.

A group in Montreal decided not to pursue a bid for hosting the 2005 IAMAS Assembly, but those same individuals are now the nucleus of a group considering a bid for the 2007 IUGG Congress. The last time that this event with its 5000 or so delegates was in Canada was in 1987 in Vancouver. A decision is expected in 2002 as to whether the group will proceed with a bid.

This has been a good year for additional research within IAMAS-related fields in Canada. The Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences (CFCAS) has successfully completed its first year of funding and this has led to a substantial boost in research within the university sector in particular.

IASPEI (Keith Louden):

The IAGA-IASPEI Joint Assembly was held in Hanoi on 19-31 August but there were no Canadian attendees from IASPEI. Further information on the Assembly will be available soon.

In addition to this Assembly, there are a few on-going activities:

1. The Committee on Seismological Observatory Practice submitted a mid-year report in February 2000 (see http://www.iaspei.org/CoP2000mid.html ).

2. The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology (see http://www.whklee.org/iaspei.html) is being prepared and is expected to be published in 2002.

3. As part of the International Ocean Network, two seismic observatory boreholes were drilled by the Ocean Drilling Program on Legs 195 (Mar-May 2001) and 191 (July-Sept 2000) in the Pacific. Dr. Matt Salisbury (GSC) was co-chief scientist on Leg 195.

2000, November

The Canadian National Committee for IUGG continued to be active over the 1999-2000 time period.

1. OVERALL COMMITTEE
From the Committee itself, some of the activities over the past year include:
Distribution of the 1995-99 Quadrennial Report: The report was made available through our web site and has been used by other national committees as a model. The IUGG Secretary-General, Dr. Jo Ann Joselyn, has been quite appreciative of our efforts.

Input to the NSERC Re-Allocation Committee: Prof. Peltier, as chair of this NSERC Committee, was provided with a copy of the CNC/IUGG Quadrennial Report and he was also quite appreciative of this material.

Members of IUGG: CNC/IUGG provided guidance on the acceptability of applications by additional countries to join IUGG.

Input to Canadian societies: Updates on CNC/IUGG activities are regularly provided to societies such as the Canadian Geophysical Union (CGU) and the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS). An article was prepared a couple of years ago on CNC/IUGG for the CMOS Bulletin and one is planned for the CGU newsletter.

Interactions between societies: CNC/IUGG continues to be very supportive of the development of closer links between CGU and CMOS.

Future Scientific Assembly in Canada: CNC/IUGG continues to explore the possibility of a joint IAHS/IAMAS conference in Montreal in 2005.

2. ASSOCIATION ACTIVITIES
Brief summaries of some of the Association activities are described in the following sections.
2.1 IAGA (by Bob Horita):
Following the very successful General Assembly of IAGA during the XXII IUGG General Assembly, July 18-30, 1999, Birmingham, U.K., in the year 2000 there were 11 scientific meetings co-sponsored by IAGA:

1. Space Weather: Progress and Challenges in Research and Application; March 20-24; Clear Water, Florida, USA
2. Fifth International Conference on Substorms (ICS-5); May 16-20; St.Petersburg, RUSSIA
3. The Tenth International Symposium on Equatorial Aeronomy; May 16-24; Antalya, TURKEY
4. IXth IAGA Workshop on Geomagnetic Observatory Instrument, Data Acquisition and Processing; June 12-18; Hurbanovo, SLOVAKIA
5. The 7th Biennial Castle Meeting on New Trends in Geomagnetism; June 19-25; Castle Moravany, SLOVAKIA
6. Space Storms and Space Weather Hazards; June 19-29; Heraklion, Crete, GREECE
7. 33rd COSPAR Scientific Assembly; July 16-23; Warsaw, POLAND
8. Lower Atmosphere Effects on the Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere; July 25-28; Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC
9. 15th Electromagnetic Induction Workshop; August 19-26; Cabo Frio, BRAZIL
10. The First S-RAMP Conference; October 2-6; Sapporo, JAPAN
11. SPARC Second General Assembly; November 6-10; Mar del Plata, ARGENTINA

Canadian scientists participated in the majority of these meetings with good representation at the meetings in Poland, Slovakia, Brazil and Japan. Dr. Alan Jones of the Geological Survey of Canada was the point of contact for the 15th Electromagnetic Induction Workshop.

Preparations are well underway for the IAGA 9th Scientific Assembly to be held in Hanoi, Vietnam during August 18-30, 2001.

2.2 IAHS (by Jim Buttle):
Annual Report of the Canadian National Committee for the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (CNC/IAHS) to the Canadian National Committee of the International Association of Geodesy and Geophysics (CNC/IUGG) for the period 1999-2000

Mandate and Objectives

to promote and support hydrology as a geoscience within National and among International communities;
to encourage and promote collaboration between IAHS and Canadian scientific organizations and institutions;
to encourage and promote the participation of Canadian scientists in IAHS and its activities;
to initiate cooperative research and education programmes in hydrology with IAHS ;
to respond, on behalf of Canada, to scientific requests from IAHS;
to undertake the dissemination and transfer of information on IAHS-related activities among Canadian hydrologists;
to seek and support the nomination of Canadian hydrologists to Executive positions of IAHS;
to arrange the selection and nomination of National Representatives to IAHS and the IAHS Commissions.
Meetings and Activities
CNC/IAHS met at the Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Geophysical Union, Banff, AL, in May 1999 and in May 2000.
Provision of information to the Canadian National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (CNC/IUGG) as part of a review of the partnership agreement between the Canadian Geophysical Union (CGU) and the National Research Council of Canada.
Submission of a proposal to the Hydrology Section of CGU (CGU-HS) on the opportunity to promote hydrology in educational establishments through the University Chair Program of the Canadian Federal Government.
Submission of a proposal on behalf of CNC/IAHS to the Environmental Earth Sciences Steering Committee for the 2000-2002 NSERC Reallocations Exercise, arguing for the need to increase research support for the hydrological sciences in Canada.
Assistance with the preparation of a Canadian IAHS contribution to the Quadrennial Report of the CNC/IUGG. The contribution was in the form of 9 review papers on hydrology in Canada, to be published as a special issue of the journal Hydrological Processes, entitled “CGU-Hydrology Section Report on Canadian Advances – 1994-1999″.
Nomination of the following Canadian hydrologists to office in IAHS:
Dr. G. Young (Wilfrid Laurier University) – elected to the office of Secretary General, IAHS Bureau.
Dr. A. Pietroniro (National Water Research Institute) – elected to the office of Secretary, International Commission on Remote Sensing (ICRS)

Dr. H.G. Jones (Université du Québec) – elected to the office of President-elect International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI)

Dr. D. de Boer (University of Saskatchewan) – elected to the office of Secretary of the International Commission on Continental Erosion (ICCE).

Progress on Issues and Objectives

Objective – improve flow of information from National Representatives to Scientific Commissions of IAHS to CNC/IAHS. Responsibilities of National Representatives to Scientific Commissions of IAHS were defined and accepted at the May 2000 meeting, and have been distributed to National Representatives.

Objective – to assist in the organization of a possible Joint Scientific Assembly of IAHS and the International Association of Meteorological and Atmospheric Science (IAMAS), proposed to be held in Montreal in 2005. The concept was presented to both IAHS and IAMAS at the Bureau meetings of both associations at the IUGG General Assembly in Birmingham, UK in June 1999. A letter of support for the proposal has been received from the President of CGU-HS, as has a letter describing the services that the Montreal Convention Centre can offer for the Joint Scientific Assembly.

Canadian Participation in Activities of IAHS Scientific Commissions, 1999-2000

International Commission on Remote Sensing (ICRS)

ICRS frequently sponsors workshops and symposia at IAHS Scientific Assemblies and at IUGG General Assemblies. When appropriate, ICRS sponsors stand-alone meetings, such as the symposium on Remote Sensing and Hydrology held in Spring 2000 in Santa Fe, NM, USA. Dr A Pietroniro (Canadian National Representative to ICRS) was on the organizing committee, and at least 10 scientists from Canada were represented. A workshop on “Remote Sensing Application in Hydrology” was held in Saskatoon, SA at the National Hydrology Research Centre (NHRC). This was sponsored by CGU-HS, IAHS, NHRC and other US and Canadian sponsors also held a “Remote sensing application in hydrology” workshop. Proceedings from this workshop are now complete and a special issue of the journal Hydrological Processes is being submitted. Other CNC-IAHS initiatives have also been undertaken under the auspices of the CGU-Hydrology Section. Canadian remote sensing specialists have put forward an outline for a textbook on remote sensing application in hydrology for northern regions, and this effort is spearheaded by Dr C Duguay (Laval University). This work will be international in scope and authorship, with Canadian specialists providing much of the content. An IAHS and CGU-HS sponsored workshop is being planned for Montpellier, France in October 2001. Members of the CGU-HS committee on Remote Sensing along with IAHS and CEMGRAF-EMGRAF in France will be hosting the workshop. Dr R Granger (NHRC) is a lead organizer.

International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI)

A number of activities were pursued as part of the National Representative’s inaugural year. They included making a joint IGS-ICSI request for information on recent Canadian snow and ice research (recently completed, ongoing and new work) and working towards web-enabling those requests for future calls. The Representative has also worked with the ICSI President towards sponsoring the 2001 Canadian Geophysical Union (CGU) Meeting, which is to be held jointly with the 2001 Eastern Snow Conference (ESC). To date this has entailed working with the ESC and CGU Executive Committees on venue planning and plenary speaker recommendations. Responsibilities will also entail involvement in planning the joint Scientific Programme. The representative is Vice-chair of two CGU-HS committees reporting to the CNC/IUGG: the Canadian Glacier Committee and the Canadian Snow Committee. The Representative (also the Canadian Correspondent, World Glacier Monitoring Service (ICSI)), leads an effort to define a Canadian Glacier and Ice Cap monitoring network for the Canadian contribution to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) through the Global Terretrial Network-Glacier (GTNet-G).

Future Meetings and Activities of CNC/IAHS

The next meeting will be at the Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Geophysical Union, to be held in Ottawa in May 2001. The major activity of CNC/IAHS for the next year is to continue to assist with organization of the possible Joint IAHS/IAMAS Scientific Assembly, Montreal, 2005.

Current National Representatives of IAHS Commissions:

M. Diamond, University of Toronto, International Commission on Water Quality (ICWQ)

D. de Boer, University of Saskatchewan, International Commission on Continental Erosion (ICCE)

D. Burn, University of Waterloo, International Commission on Water Resources Systems (ICWRS)

T. Edwards, University of Waterloo, International Commission on Tracers (ICT)

J. Hendry, University of Saskatchewan, International Commission on Groundwater (ICGW)

A. Pietroniro, National Water Research Institute, Saskatoon, International Commission on Remote Sensing (ICRS);

M. Demuth, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI);

W. Rouse, McMaster University, International Commission on Atmosphere-Soil-Vegetation relations (ICASVR);

R. Soulis, University of Waterloo, International Commission on Surface Water (ICSW).

The terms of office for bureau members and all representatives are normally 4 years – i.e. 1999-2003. The terms for the Senior and Junior Canadian Representatives to IAHS are staggered on a two-year basis. In the present case, J. Buttle (Trent University) became the current Senior Representative at Birmingham and will finish his term in 2001, at which time J. Price (current Junior Representative, University of Waterloo) becomes the Senior Canadian Representative.

A President-elect serves two years, 1999-2001, before assuming the Chair for his/hers subsequent 4-year term, 2001-2005.

CNC/IAHS Current Executive:

Chair, J. Buttle, Canadian Senior Representative to IAHS;

Secretary, J. Price, Canadian Junior Representative to IAHS;

CGU-HS President, M-K Woo;

CGU-HS Vice-President, R.D. Moore;

CMOS Delegate, C. Lin;

CWRA President, R. Boals;

CCIAH President, J. Wills;

CGU Member-at-Large, K. Young.

2.3 IAMAS (by Ron Stewart):
Many IAMAS members were involved in the recent Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS) Congress and they are also involved in planning the 2001 one in Winnipeg.

Canadians are quite involved in preparations for the 2001 IAMAS Assembly, July 10-18 in Innsbruck. Canadians are chairing symposia on clouds (George Isaac from the Meteorological Service of Canada), middle atmospheric chemistry (Victor Fomichev of York University), and satellite remote sensing (Jim Drummond of the University of Toronto). Ron Stewart is involved with planning for a special, general session at the Assembly.

On a positive note, positions are coming open in Canada in IAMAS-related fields. This includes several new faculty positions in universities as well as the staffing of operational positions. This trend will continue to bring new interest to the field.

As well, IAMAS members will continue to explore the possibility of a joint IAMAS/IAHS Scientific Assembly in Montreal in 2005.

2.4 IAPSO (by Mike Foreman):
The Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society held their 34th Annual Congress at the University of Victoria between May 29 and June 1. Seven invited presentations on various aspects of the theme “The Role of the Pacific in Climate and Weather”, and 201 oral presentations on a wide range of topics in meteorology and oceanography, were given. Over 400 attendees made this the largest and most successful congress ever.

Prof. Lawrence Mysak of McGill University is organizing a session for the 2001 IAPSO Conference in Mar del Plata.

2.5 IASPEI (by Keith Louden):
The primary activity during the previous year was the 22nd General Assembly of IUGG and 30th General Assembly of IASPEI which was held July 18-30, 1999 in Birmingham, UK. There were 21 Canadian registrants to IASPEI and approximately 40 scientific contributions to 17 sessions. Of particular note was the joint session JSS44 (Structure of the Continental Lithosphere from Integrated Geophysical, Geological and Geochemical Studies) which was organized by R. Clowes (UBC) and the numerous papers presented in sessions ST1/2/4/5 on topics in solid earth seismology. Canadian representatives were present and voted on the resolutions presented at the Closing Plenary Session (29 July 1999). A full report on the IASPEI sessions and meetings is available at http://www.iaspei.org/IUGG99_report.html .

Other IASPEI activities in 1999 are detailed at http://www.iaspei.org/annual99.html . IASPEI publications in 1999-2000, primarily resulting from the 29th General Assembly in Thessaloniki, Greece, are listed at http://www.iaspei.org/publications.html

Particular IASPEI activities of note were:

(1) A workshop sponsored by the Commission of Controlled Source Seismology (CCSS) in Dublin, Ireland (6-8 October 1999) hosted by the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.

(2) The 9th International Symposium on Deep Seismic Profiling of the Continents and Their Margins, which was held in Ulvik, Norway (18-23 June 2000). There were approximately 10 Canadian registrants and a number of papers and posters presented highlighting various results from the Canadian Lithoprobe program. A summary of contributions is available at http://www.geol.ku.dk/seismix2000/

(3) A Mid-Year Report (February 16, 2000) of the Commission on Practice was prepared by Jens Havskov (chairman) and is available at http://www.iaspei.org/CoP2000mid.html

(4) Preparation continues by the IASPEI Committee on Education for an International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology to mark the 100th Anniversary of IASPEI in 2001. Details of this project, including preliminary listing of contents, were published by W.H.K. Lee in the March/April 1999 issue of Seismological Research Letters and are detailed at http://www.whklee.org/iaspei.html

(5) Preparations are underway for the 31st IASPEI General Assembly & 9th IAGA Scientific Assembly to be held in Hanoi, Vietnam 18-30 August 2001. Details are available at http://www.IAGAandIASPEI.org.vn

Other forthcoming meetings are listed at http://www.iaspei.org/forthcoming.html

1999, April

There were no membership changes over the last year. However, the term of many of the members ends in July, 1999 and so the process of renewal was started.
The committee did not meet directly over the last year. Almost all of its activities were carried out through email and with phone calls.

A considerable amount of effort was taken up maintaining our home page. This keeps members and others informed of our objectives and progress. The home page is located at: http://www.msc-smc.ec.gc.ca/CNC/CNC.html .

The committee considered the nomination of Canadians to the IUGG Executive. There was considerable discussion in connection with our support and recommendations were forwarded to government bodies in Canada.

Committee members have been preparing their Society’s contributions to the CNC/IUGG Quadrennial Report. The Quadrennial Report will be completed for IUGG’99 and will be made up of a composite of the individual Society reports. A copy of the full document will be added to our Web site upon its completion.

The Committee encouraged the preparation of a collective scientific review article on natural hazards and climate.

One issue that should be discussed over the next year is the relative decline of NSERC funding for the geosciences in comparison with many other fields. We should help prepare a strong case for an enhancement of this funding when NSERC carries out its next review in a few years.

1998, March

On the suggestion of CGU, the CNC/IUGG will issue a brief annual report on its activities. The purpose of this report is to provide a brief summary to members and to sponsoring organizations. This is the first of these reports.
Over the last year there were a number of developments associated with the CNC/IUGG. First of all, it was the year for which there was a major membership change. Many new members were added, and a new chair assumed the leadership of the committee.

The committee did not meet directly over the last year. Almost all of its activities were carried out through email, although there was a small meeting held at the annual Congress of the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and a presentation was made to the Scientific Committee of CMOS.

To improve communication within and beyond the committee, a considerable amount of effort was taken up developing a modest, yet informative home page. Anyone can now quickly check on the objectives, members, and activities of the committee, as well as upcoming assemblies. The home page is located at: www.tor.ec.gc.ca/CNC/CNC.html.

An effort was started to inform the larger Canadian community of our committee. As a first step, a brief article was prepared for the Newsletter of the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society. This article can be adapted for inclusion in the newsletters of other associations. In addition, the CNC/IUGG home page is available directly through the CMOS home page; similar connections should be made for other groups.

The committee also considered the possibilities for future IUGG or Association Assemblies in Canada. Some of the committee members would like more of these to be held in Canada since they raise the profile of our science within and outside the country. Other members feel that we should instead be supporting such meetings in countries outside Europe and North America. In general, the committee has to decide assembly possibilities on a case-by-case basis.

Over the next year, it is expected that the committee will undertake specific actions (possibly including special scientific review articles) to promote the importance of Canadian geo-sciences, and it will likely be involved with possible future assemblies in Canada.

 

Quadrennial Reports

Geodesy and Geophysics in Canada 1991 - 1995

Geodesy and Geophysics in Canada 1991 – 1995

Quadrennial Report of the Canadian National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics

Prepared on the occasion of the XXI General Assembly of the IUGG
Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A.
July 1995
This report summarizes the research carried out in Canada in the fields of geodesy and geophysics during the quadrennium 1991 – 1995. It was prepared under the direction of the Canadian National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (CNC/IUGG). The CNC/IUGG is administered by the Canadian Geophysical Union, in consultation with the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and other Canadian scientific organizations including the Canadian Association of Physicists, the Geological Association of Canada, and the Canadian Institute of Geomatics. The IUGG adhering organization for Canada is the National Research Council of Canada.

Among other duties, the CNC/IUGG is responsible for:

collecting and reconciling the many views of the constituent Canadian scientific community on relevant issues
identifying, representing, and promoting the capabilities and distinctive competence of the community on the international stage
enhancing the depth and breadth of the participation of the community in the activities and events of the IUGG and related organizations
establishing the mechanisms for communicating to the community the views of the IUGG and information about the activities of the IUGG.
The aim of this report is to communicate to both the Canadian and international scientific communities the considerable progress that has been achieved in geodesy and geophysics research in Canada over the past four years.
The report is divided into seven sections – one for each of the seven major scientific disciplines as represented by the seven sister societies of the IUGG. Each section is titled with the name of the corresponding society and was compiled by, or under the direction of, a member of the CNC/IUGG affiliated with that society.

In the interest of compiling and disseminating this report in a timely fashion, no attempt has been made to harmonize the styles of the different sections.

The full text of this report, including the extensive lists of publications and presentations, is only available electronically. The full report may be obtained via the Internet in Unix-compressed, uuencoded, printer PostScript format by retrieving the file with the following universal resource locator (URL):

gopher://UNBMVS1.CSD.UNB.CA:1570/0EXEC%3aCANGET%20IUGG.CNC.REPORT.PS.Z.UUENC.TXT

The report can be made available in other formats upon request to the chairman of the CNC/IUGG.

The report was prepared by the CNC/IUGG committee whose membership as of July, 1995 was:

Chairman:
Prof. R. Langley
Department of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering
University of New Brunswick
P.O. Box 4400
Fredericton, New Brunswick
E3B 5A3
Tel: (506) 453-5142
FAX: (506) 453-4943
E-mail: lang@unb.ca

Secretary:
D.R. McDiarmid
Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics
National Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada K1A 0R6
Tel: (613) 990-0713
FAX: (613) 952-0974
E-mail: (SPAN) CANOTT::MCDIARMID
(Internet) mcdiarmid@canott.dan.sp-agency.ca

IAG:
Dr. R. Langley
(see above)

Prof. M.G. Sideris
Dept. of Geomatics Engineering
The University of Calgary
2500 University Drive N.W.
Calgary, Alberta
T2N 1N4
Tel: (403) 220-4985
FAX: (403) 284-1980
E-mail: sideris@acs.ucalgary.ca

IAGA:
Dr. Alan G. Jones
Geological Survey of Canada
1 Observatory Crescent
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0Y3
Tel: (613) 992-4968
FAX: (613) 992-8836
E-mail: jones@cg.emr.ca

Prof. R.E. Horita
Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
University of Victoria
Victoria, British Columbia
V8W 2Y2
Tel: (604) 721-7731
FAX: (604) 721-7715
E-mail: CANOTT::HORITA
horita@uvphys.phys.uvic.ca

IAMAS:
Prof. I. Zawadski
Dept. of Atmos. & Oceanic Sciences
McGill University
805 Sherbrooke W.
Montral, Qubec
H3A 2K6
Tel: (514) 398-1034
FAX: (514) 398-6115
E-mail:isztar@zephyr.meteo.mcgill.ca

Prof. P. A. Taylor
Dept of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences
York University
4700 Keele Street
North York, Ontario
M3J 1P3
Tel: (416) 736-5245
FAX: (416) 736-5817
E-mail: pat@yorku.ca

IAPSO:
Dr. Y. Gratton
Centre Oceanographique de Rimouski
INRS-Oceanologie
310, alle des Ursulines
Rimouski, Qubec
G5L 3A1
Tel: (418) 724-1741
FAX: (418) 723-7234
E-mail: yves_gratton@uqar.uquebec.ca

IAHS:
Dr. B. Goodison
Climate Research Branch, Climate Centre
Atmospheric Environment Service
25 St. Claire Ave. E.
Toronto, Ontario
M4T 1M2
Tel: (416) 739-4345
FAX: (416) 739-5700
E-mail: goodisonb@aestor.am.doe.ca

Dr. H.G. Jones
INRS-Eau
Universite du Quebec
2700, rue Einstein
C.P. 7500
Sainte-Foy, Qubec
G1V 4C7
Tel: (418) 654-2533
FAX: (418) 654-2562
E-mail: jones@inrs-eau.uquebec.ca

IAVCEI:
Dr. R.D. Hyndman
Pacific Geoscience Centre
Geological Survey of Canada
P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, British Columbia
V8L 4B4
Tel: (604) 363-6428
FAX: (604) 363-6565
E-mail: hyndman@pgc.emr.ca

Dr. C. J. Hickson
Geological Survey of Canada
100 West Pender Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6B 1R8
Tel: (604) 666-3955
FAX: (604) 666-1124
E-mail: chickson@gsc.emr.ca

IASPEI:
Dr. P. W. Basham
Geological Survey of Canada
1 Observatory Crescent
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0Y3
Tel: (613) 995-0904
FAX: (613) 992-8836
E-mail: basham@seismo.emr.ca

Prof. C.J. Thomson
Dept. of Geological Sciences
Queen’s University
Kingston, Ontario
K7L 3N6
Tel: (613) 545-2597
FAX: (613) 545-6592
E-mail: thomson@qucdn.queensu.ca

IUGG Bureau:
Dr. G.A. McBean
National Headquarters
Atmospheric Environment Service
Environment Canada
4905 Dufferin Street
Downsview, Ontario
M3H 5T4
Tel: (416) 739-4773/4770
FAX: (416) 739-4232

HTML prepared by Bob Crawford (bcrawford@dow.on.doe.ca)

Geodesy and Geophysics in Canada 1995 - 1999


CNC/IUGG: 1999 Quadrennial Report

 

GEODESY AND GEOPHYSICS IN CANADA 1995-1999


QUADRENNIAL REPORT
of the
CANADIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE
for the
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF GEODESY AND GEOPHYSICS



PREPARED on the OCCASION
of the
XXII GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE IUGG

 BIRMINGHAM, UNITED KINGDOM
JULY 1999


Introduction
Members of The CNC for IUGG
Association Reports

INTRODUCTION

This report summarizes the research carried out in Canada in the fields
of geodesy and geophysics during the quadrennial 1995-1999. It was
prepared under the direction of the Canadian National Committee for
the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (CNC/IUGG). The
CNC/IUGG is administered by the Canadian Geophysical Union, in consultation
with the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and other
Canadian scientific organizations, including the Canadian Association
of Physicists, the Geological Association of Canada, and the Canadian
Institute of Geomatics. The IUGG adhering organization for Canada
is the National Research Council of Canada.

 Among other duties, the CNC/IUGG is responsible for:

     

  • collecting and reconciling the many views of the constituent
    Canadian scientific community on relevant issues
  • identifying, representing, and promoting the capabilities and
    distinctive competence of the community on the international stage
  • enhancing the depth and breadth of the participation of the
    community in the activities and events of the IUGG and related
    organizations
  • establishing the mechanisms for communicating to the community
    the views of the IUGG and information about the activities of
    the IUGG.

The aim of this report is to communicate to both the Canadian and
international scientific communities the research areas and research
progress that has been achieved in geodesy and geophysics over the
last four years.

 The report is divided into seven sections: one for each of
the seven major scientific disciplines as represented by the seven
sister societies of the IUGG. Each section is titled with the name
of the corresponding society and was complied by, and under the
direction of, a member of the CNC/IUGG affiliated with that society.

 In the interest of compiling and disseminating this report
in a timely fashion, no attempt has been made to harmonize the styles
of the different sections.

 The full text of the report is only available electronically.
It is available through the web site of the CNC/IUGG at: http://www.msc-smc.ec.gc.ca/cnc/CNC.html.


MEMBERS OF THE CANADIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR IUGG

The current membership of CNC/IUGG is:

Chairman:

Dr. Ronald E. Stewart
Climate Processes and Earth Observation Division
Atmospheric Environment Service
4905 Dufferin Street
Downsview, Ontario M3H 5T4
Tel: (416) 739-4122
FAX: (416) 739-5700
E-mail: Ron.Stewart@ec.gc.ca

The CGU Secretariat is:

Dr. David W. Eaton
Secretary, Canadian Geophysical Union
Dept. of Earth Sciences
University of Western Ontario
London, Ontario N6A 5B7
Tel: (519) 661-3190
Fax: (519) 661-3198
E-mail: deaton@julian.uwo.ca
 

IAG International Association of Geodesy:

Prof. Michael G. Sideris
Dept. of Geomatics Engineering
University of Calgary
2500 University Drive N.W.
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Tel: (403) 220-4985
FAX: (403) 284-1980
E-mail: sideris@acs.ucalgary.ca

Dr. Jan Kouba
Geodetic Survey of Canada
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
615 Booth Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1A OE9
Tel: (613) 992-2678
FAX: (613) 992-2061
E-mail: kouba@geod.emr.ca

IAGA International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy:

Dr. Alan G. Jones
Geological Survey of Canada
615 Booth Street, Room 214
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E9
Tel: (613) 992-4968
FAX: (613) 992-8836
E-mail: jones@cg.NRCan.gc.ca

Prof. R.E. Horita
Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
University of Victoria
Victoria, British Columbia V8W 2Y2
Tel: (250) 721-7731
FAX: (250) 721-7715
E-mail: horita@uvphys.phys.uvic.ca
 

IAHS International Association of Hydrological Sciences:

Dr. H. Gerald Jones
INRS-Eau
Universite du Quebec
2700, rue Einstein
C.P. 7500
Sainte-Foy, Quebec G1V 4C7
Tel: (418) 654-2533
FAX: (418) 654-2562
E-mail: jones@inrs-eau.uquebec.ca

Dr. James M. Buttle
Dept. of Geography
Trent University
PO Box 4800
Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8
Tel: (705) 748-1471
FAX: (705) 748-1629
E-mail: jbuttle@trentu.ca

IAMAS International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric
Sciences:

Prof. P.A. Taylor
Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Science
York University
4700 Keele Street
North York, Ontario M3J 1P3
Tel: (416) 736-5245
FAX: (416) 736-5817
E-mail: pat@yorku.ca

Dr. Ronald E. Stewart
(address as above)

IAPSO International Association of the Physical Sciences of the
Ocean:

Dr. Yves Gratton
Centre Oceanographique de Rimouski
INRS-Oceanologie
310, Allee des ersulines
Rimouski, Quebec G5L 3A1
Tel: (418) 724-1741
FAX: (418) 723-7234
E-mail: yves_gratton@uqar.uquebec.ca

Dr. Michael G.G. Foreman
Institute of Ocean Sciences
P.O. Box 6000
Sidney B.C. V8L 4B2
Tel: (250) 363-6306
Fax: 250-363-6746
E-mail: mike@ios.bc.ca

IASPEI International Association of Seismology and Physics of the
Earth’s Interior:

Prof. Colin J. Thomson
Dept. of Geological Sciences
Queen’s University
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6
Tel: (613) 545-2597
FAX: (613) 545-6592
E-mail: thomson@geol.QueensU.ca

Prof. Keith E. Louden
Dept. of Oceanography
Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1
Tel: (902) 494-3452
FAX: (902) 494-3877
E-mail: Keith.Louden@dal.ca

IAVCEI International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of
the Earth’s Interior:

Dr. C. J. Hickson
Geological Survey of Canada
101- 605 Robson Street
Vancouver, British Columbia V6B 5J3
Tel: (604) 666-2965
FAX: (604) 666-7507
E-mail: chickson@gsc.NRCan.gc.ca

Dr. John Stix
Dept. de geologie
Univsite de Montreal
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7
Tel: (514) 343-6832
FAX: (514) 343-5782
E-mail: stix@ere.umontreal.ca


ASSOCIATION REPORTS

Section 1: IAG International Association of Geodesy
[Rich Text Format Document] – viewable in most word processors

Section 2: IAGA International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

 Section 3: IAHS International Association of Hydrological Sciences

 Section 4: IAMAS International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences

 Section 5: IAPSO International Association of the Physical Sciences of the Ocean

 Section 6: IASPEI International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth’s Interior
[PostScript Document] – viewable via GhostScript

 Section 7: IAVCEI International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior

Geodesy and Geophysics in Canada 1999 - 2003


CNC/IUGG: 2003 Quadrennial Report



GEODESY AND GEOPHYSICS IN CANADA 1999-2003


QUADRENNIAL REPORT
of the
CANADIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE
for the
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF GEODESY AND GEOPHYSICS



PREPARED on the OCCASION
of the
XXIII GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE IUGG

 SAPPORO, JAPAN
JULY 2003


Introduction
Recommendations for the IUGG
Members of The CNC for IUGG
Association Reports

INTRODUCTION

This report summarizes the research carried out in Canada in the fields
of geodesy and geophysics during the quadrennial 1999-2003. It was
prepared under the direction of the Canadian National Committee for
the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (CNC/IUGG). The
CNC/IUGG is administered by the Canadian Geophysical Union, in consultation
with the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and other
Canadian scientific organizations, including the Canadian Association
of Physicists, the Geological Association of Canada, and the Canadian
Institute of Geomatics. The IUGG adhering organization for Canada
is the National Research Council of Canada.

 Among other duties, the CNC/IUGG is responsible for:

     

  • collecting and reconciling the many views of the constituent
    Canadian scientific community on relevant issues
  • identifying, representing, and promoting the capabilities and
    distinctive competence of the community on the international stage
  • enhancing the depth and breadth of the participation of the
    community in the activities and events of the IUGG and related
    organizations
  • establishing the mechanisms for communicating to the community
    the views of the IUGG and information about the activities of
    the IUGG.

The aim of this report is to communicate to both the Canadian and
international scientific communities the research areas and research
progress that has been achieved in geodesy and geophysics over the
last four years.

This report also contains four recommendations for IUGG’s consideration.
CNC/IUGG wants a strong IUGG within our evolving international scientific
community.

The main body of this report is divided into seven sections: one
for each of the seven major scientific disciplines as represented
by the seven sister societies of the IUGG. Each section is titled
with the name of the corresponding society and was complied by,
and under the direction of, a member of the CNC/IUGG affiliated
with that society.

In the interest of compiling and disseminating this report in a
timely fashion, no attempt has been made to harmonize the styles
of the different sections.

The full text of the report is only available electronically. It
is available through the web site of the CNC/IUGG at:

http://www.cgu-ugc.ca/cnc-iugg/


RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IUGG

Through its experiences over the last 4 years, CNC/IUGG would like
to make the following recommendations to IUGG:

CNC/IUGG:

Supports the effort to renew IUGG and to maintain its international
leadership. Other societies, such as the American Geophysical Union
and the European Geosciences Union, are expanding and, although
unintended, these as well as other developments are compromising
IUGG’s position within our scientific community.

Recommends that IUGG send summary material to member societies
to clarify its role, activities, and relations with other societies.
Preferably, this should be in the form of a relatively short article
for inclusion in various newsletters.Many members of societies such
as CGU and CMOS are unclear as to the nature of IUGG.

Recommends that IUGG Assemblies should be shortened from two weeks
to one week.

Recommends that a summary of Quadrennial Reports from all countries
should be produced and circulated as a global assessment of the
state of our science


MEMBERS OF THE CANADIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR IUGG

The current membership of CNC/IUGG is:

Chairman:
Dr. Ronald E. Stewart
Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
McGill University
805 Sherbrooke Street West
Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6
Phone: 1-514-398-1380
FAX: 1-514-398-6115
E-mail: Ronald.Stewart@mcgill.ca

CGU Secretariat:
Dr. Masaki Hayashi
Secretary, Canadian Geophysical Union
Department of Geology and Geophysics
University of Calgary
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Tel: (403) 220-2794
Fax: (403) 284-0074
E-mail: cgu@ucalgary.ca

IAG:

Senior Member:
Dr. Jan Kouba
Geodetic Survey of Canada
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
615 Booth Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E9
Tel: (613) 992-2678
FAX: (613) 992-2061
E-mail: kouba@geod.emr.ca

Junior Member:
Dr. Spiros Pagiatakis
Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Science
York University
4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Tel: (416) 736-2100 x20644
FAX: (416) 736-5817
E-mail: spiros@yorku.ca

IAGA:

Senior Member
Prof. R.E. Horita
Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
University of Victoria
Victoria, British Columbia V8W 2Y2
Tel: (250) 721-7731
FAX: (250) 721-7715
E-mail:horita@uvphys.phys.uvic.ca

Junior Member
Dr. Randy Enkin
Pacific Geoscience Centre
Geological Survey of Canada
P.O. Box 6000
9860 West Saanich Road
Sidney, B.C., Canada, V8L 3L3
Tel: (250)-363-6431
FAX: (250)-363-6565
E-mail: REnkin@NRCan.gc.ca

IAHS:

Senior Member:
Taha B.M.J. Ouarda, Ph.D., P.E., Professeur
Chaire en Hydrologie Statistique
INRS-ETE, Université du Quebec
2800 Einstein, C.P. 7500,
Ste-Foy (QC), G1V 4C7 CANADA
E-mail: taha_ouarda@inrs-ete.uquebec.ca
Tel : (418) 654-3842
Fax : (418) 654-2600

Junior Member
Dr. John Pomeroy
Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences
University of Weales
Aberystwyth, Ceredigion
SY23 3DB Wales
United Kingdom
E-mail: John.Pomeroy@aber.ac.uk
Tel: 44-1970-622781
Fax: 44-1970-622659

IAMAS:

Senior Member
Prof. Ronald E. Stewart
Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
McGill University
805 Sherbrooke Street West
Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6
Phone: 1-514-398-1380
FAX: 1-514-398-6115
E-mail:Ronald.Stewart@mcgill.ca

Junior Member
Prof. Charles Lin
Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
McGill University
805 Sherbrooke St. West
Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6
Tel: (514)-398-6079
FAX: (514)-398-6115
E-mail: lin@zephyr.meteo.McGill.ca

IAPSO:

Senior Member
Dr. Michael W. Stacey
Department of Physics
Royal Military College of Canada
P.O. Box 17000 Stn Forces
Kingston, Ontario K7K 7B4
Tel: (613) 541-6000 x 6414
FAX: (613) 541-6040
E-mail: stacey-m@rmc.ca

Junior Member
Dr. William (Bill) Crawford
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 West Saanich Road
Sidney, B.C. V8L 4B2
Tel: (250)-363-6369
FAX: (250)-363-6479
E-mail: crawfordb@pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca

IASPEI:

Senior Member
Prof. Keith E. Louden
Dept. of Oceanography
Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1
Tel: (902) 494-3452
FAX: (902) 494-3877
E-mail: Keith.Louden@dal.ca

Junior Member
Dr. Bruce Buffett
Geophysics & Astronomy
Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences
University of B.C.
Vancouver, B.C., V6T1Z4
Tel: (604) 822-3466
FAX: (604) 822-6088
E-mail: buffett@geop.ubc.ca

IAVCEI:

Senior Member
Dr. C. J. Hickson
Geological Survey of Canada
101-605 Robson Street
Vancouver, British Columbia V6B 5J3
Tel: (604) 666-2965
FAX: (604) 666-7507
E-mail: chickson@gsc.NRCan.gc.ca

Junior Member
Dr. John Stix
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
McGill University
3450 University Street
Montreal, Quebec H3A 2A7
Tel: (514) 398-5391
FAX: (514) 398-4680
E-mail: stix@eps.mcgill.ca

IUGG Bureau:

There are no Canadian members of the IUGG Bureau over the 1999-2003
period.

 


ASSOCIATION REPORTS

Section 1: IAG International Association
of Geodesy

Section 2: IAGA International Association
of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

Section 3: IAHS International Association
of Hydrological Sciences

[Rich Text Format (RTF)] – readable with most word-processing software

Section 4: IAMAS International Association
of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences

Section 5: IAPSO International Association
of the Physical Sciences of the Ocean

Section 6: IASPEI International Association
of Seismology and Physics of the Earth’s Interior

[Portable Document Format (PDF)] – viewable via Adobe
Acrobat Reader

Section 7: IAVCEI International Association of Volcanology
and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior
[No 1999-2003 Report is available for IAVCEI]

IAPSO Report 2003 - 2007

 

Minutes of CNC/IUGG Meetings

 

Pro-Active Actions
The committee is undertaking several actions in order to realize its objectives. At this point, this largely involves participating in IUGG and its associated conferences as well as preparing our committee reports.

It is suggested that our committee should become more pro-active and carry out other activities as well. Suggestions are always welcome. Please send any comments or suggestions to Ron Stewart at Ron.Stewart@ec.gc.ca

 

Timeline of Activities
A number of committee activities are summarized in this section.

                                                          Delegate

                                                        (If applicable)

1999

July 19-30   IUGG          Birmingham, England

2000

July 18-22   IAVCEI        Bali, Indonesia

2001

Summer       IAHS          Maastricht, Netherlands

July 10-18   IAMAS         Innsbruck, Austria

Summer       IAPSO         Mar del Plata, Argentina

Summer       IASPEI/IAGA   Hanoi, Vietnam

July 18-22   IAVCEI        Bali, Indonesia

 

Members

CNC/IUGG Membership

 

The current membership of CNC/IUGG is:       Member Till Appointed
                                                 July        By
Chairman:
Dr. Zoltan Hajnal                                2011        CGU
Dept. of Geological Sciences
University of Saskatchewan
114 Science Place
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2
Tel: (306) 966-5694 FAX: (306) 966-8593 E-mail: zoltan.hajnal@usask.ca

IAG:
Senior Member:
Dr. Marcelo Santos                           2011       CGU Dept. of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering
University
of New Brunswick P.O.Box 4000
Fredericton, NB, M3J 1P3
Tel: (506) 453-4671 FAX: (506) 453-4943 E-mail: msantos@unb.ca
Junior Member:
Dr. Georgia Fotopoulos                       2011       CGU Dept. of Civil Engineering
University
of Toronto 35 St. George Street
Toronto, ON, M5S 1A4 Tel: FAX: E-mail: georgia.fotopoulos@utoronto.ca

IAGA:
Senior Member
Dr. Vadim Kravchinsky                             2011       CAP
Dept. of Physics
University
of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2J1 Tel: (780) 492-5591 FAX: (780) 492-0714 E-mail:  vkrav@phys.ualberta.ca
Junior Member:
Dr. Andrew Yau                                    2011       CGU
Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Institute for Space Research
University of Calgary
Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4
Tel: (403) 220-8825
FAX: (403) 220-3616 
E-mail: yau@phys.ucalgary.ca

IAHS:
Senior Member:
Dr. Dan Moore                                     2011       CGU 
Department of Geography
1984 West Mall University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z2 phone:(604) 822-3538 fax: (604) 822-6150 e-mail: rdmoore@geog.ubc.ca
Junior Member:
Dr. William Quinton                               2011       CGU 
Dept. of Geography and Environmental Studies
Wilfrid Laurier University
75 University Avenue West
Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3C5
phone: (519) 884-0710 ext. 3281# 
e-mail: wquinton@wlu.ca

IAMAS:
Senior Member:
Prof. Charles Lin                                2011       CMOS
Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
McGill University

805 Sherbrooke St. West Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6 Tel: (514) 398-6079 FAX: (514) 398-6115 E-mail: lin@zephyr.meteo.McGill.ca
Junior Member:
Prof. Theodore Shepherd                         2011       CMOS
Dept. of Physics
University of Toronto
60 St. George St.
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A7
Tel: (416) 978-6824
FAX: (416) 978-8905
E-mail: tgs@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca

IAPSO:
Senior Member:
Dr. William (Bill) Crawford                     2011       CMOS
Institute of Ocean Sciences
Fisheries and Ocean Canada P.O.Box 6000, 9860 West Saanich Road Sidney, B.C. V8L 4B2 Tel. (250) 363-6369 Fax. (250) 363-6479 Email: bill.crawford@dfo-mpo.gc.ca Senior Member:
Dr. Blair Greenan                               2011       CMOS
Bedford Institute of Oceanography 
Fisheries and Oceans Canada 1 Challenger Drive Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4A2 Tel. 902-426-9963 Tel: (902) 426-9963 Fax: (902) 426-3711 E-mail: blair.greenan@dfo-mpo.gc.ca

IASPEI:
Senior Member:
Dr. Roy Hydman                                   2011       CGU
Natural Resources Canada
P.O.Box 6000, 9860 West Saanich Rd.
Sidney, B.C., V8L 4B2 Tel: (250) 363-6428 FAX: (250) 363-6565 E-mail: Roy.Hydman@nrcan-rncan.gc.ca
Junior Member:
Dr. Bruce Buffett                                2011       CGU
Natural Resources Canada
P.O.Box 6000, 9860 West Saanich Rd.
Sidney, B.C., V8L 4B2 Tel: (250) 363-6429 FAX: (250) 363-6565 E-mail: Kelin.Wang@nrcan-rncan.gc.ca

IAVCEI:
Senior Member:
Dr. Catherine J. Hickson                         2011       GAC
Geological Survey of Canada
101- 605 Robson Street
Vancouver, British Columbia V6B 5J3
Tel: (604) 666-9772 FAX: (604) 666-7507 E-mail: chickson@nrcan.gc.ca
Junior Member:
Dr. John Stix                                    2011       CGU
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
McGill University
3450 University Street
Montreal, Quebec H3A 2A7
Tel: (514) 398-5391 FAX: (514) 398-4680 E-mail: stix@eps.mcgill.ca
IUGG Bureau:

There are no Canadian members of the IUGG Bureau over the 2007-2011.

 

NRC Contact
The main contact for the committee at NRC is:

Dr. Hamid Jorjani
National Research Council of Canada
International Relations Office
1200 Montreal Road, Building M-58
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6
Tel: (613) 991-5457
Fax: (613) 952-9696
EMail: Hamid.Jorjani@nrc.ca

 

CGU Secretariat

Dr. Masaki Hayashi
Secretary, Canadian Geophysical Union
Department of Geology and Geophysics
University of Calgary
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Tel: (403) 220-2794
Fax: (403) 284-0074
EMail: cgu@ucalgary.ca
WWW: http://www.cgu-ugc.ca

 

International and National Programs
The Canadian activities contribute to the international Society programs. The societies can be reached through the international IUGG home page and IAMAS and IAG can be reached directly from here as well.

The Canadian activities are also linked with national societies. Examples include:

 

Publicity for the Committee
The following short description of the CNC/IUGG was submitted to the CMOS Bulletin in March, 1998. Similar articles can be submitted to other organizations.

CANADIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE (CNC) for the INTERNATIONAL UNION OF GEODESY AND GEOPHYSICS (IUGG)

The Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society is quite involved in the conduct of the CNC/IUGG. The purpose of this brief update is to inform CMOS members of the scope and activities of CNC/IUGG and to ask for suggestions on committee activities.

The objectives of the CNC/IUGG committee are to:

  • collect and reconcile the many views of the constituent Canadian scientific community on relevant issues
  • identify, represent, and promote the capabilities and distinctive competence of the community on the international stage
  • enhance the depth and breadth of the participation of the community in the activities and events of the IUGG and related organizations
  • establish the mechanisms for communicating to the community the views of the IUGG and information about the activities of the IUGG.

In terms of scope, the CNC/IUGG committee:

  • promotes, within Canada, such as to ensure maximum benefits to Canada, international programs in Geodesy and Geophysics and Canadian participation in international activities sponsored by the IUGG, its component International Associations, Inter-Union Commissions and special committees of ICSU which involve the IUGG
  • promotes, within the IUGG, its component International Associations, Inter-Union Commissions and special committees for ICSU which involve the IUGG, those international activities which are relevant, or of special interest, to Canada, and to coordinate all aspects of Canadian participation in the discussion and dissemination of the results of such activities
  • formulates Canadian positions with respect to IUGG activities and those of its component International Associations and of other related committees and commissions and to advise Council on the activities of the IUGG, its component International Associations and the other related committees and commissions, the activities of the CNC/IUGG and of Canadian participation in the same, where appropriate
  • acts as a channel of communication among the IUGG, its component International Associations, other related committees and commissions, Council, Canadian scientific societies, scientists and Canadian industry.

The CNC/IUGG is administered by the Canadian Geophysical Union, in consultation with the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and other Canadian scientific organizations including the Canadian Association of Physicists, the Geological Association of Canada, and the Canadian Institute of Geomatics. The IUGG adhering organization for Canada is the National Research Council of Canada.

The membership of the committee is made up of appointments from each of the seven associations of the IUGG as well as Canadian members of some of the other IUGG activities. The seven associations are the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA), the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS), the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS), the International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Ocean (IAPSO), the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth’s Interior (IASPEI), and the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI).
CMOS selects four members of the CNC/IUGG to serve as representatives of IAMAS and IAPSO. Currently the members are Peter Taylor (York University) and Ronald Stewart (Atmospheric Environment Service) for IAMAS, and Yves Gratton (Institut national de la recherche scientifique) and Michael Foreman (Institute of Ocean Sciences) for IAPSO. Much of the secretarial support for the committee is provided by the Canadian Geophysical Union.

The chair of CNC/IUGG is selected from its current members and the present one is Ronald Stewart. One of the normal functions of the chair is to act as the head of the Canadian delegation to IUGG General Assemblies.

To realize its objectives, the committee either is or is planning to carry out several activities. The committee has been promoting Canadian participation and leadership in IUGG and its associated conferences, and it is presently considering the preparation of special scientific review articles on topics such as natural hazards and post-Kyoto activities. The committee will soon also start to prepare a summary report on the research carried out in Canada in the fields of geodesy and geophysics to be tabled at the IUGG’99 General Assembly in Birmingham, UK.

If you would like further information on CNC/IUGG, please refer to its home page at www.tor.ec.gc.ca/CNC/CNC.html or access it through the CMOS home page. Questions and suggestions can also be sent directly to Ronald Stewart (Ron.Stewart@ec.gc.ca).

 

Acronyms

CAP Canadian Association of Physicists
CGU Canadian Geophysical Union
CIG Canadian Association of Geomatics
CMOS Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
CNC Canadian National Committee
CWRA Canadian Water Resources Association
GAC Geological Association of Canada
IAG International Association of Geodesy
IAGA International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy
IAHS International Association of Hydrological Sciences
IAMAS International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IAPSO International Association of the Physical Sciences of the Ocean
IASPEI International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth’s Interior
IAVCEI International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior
IUGG International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
NRC National Research Council